Table 1.

Accounts of bee deaths on linden (Tilia sp.).

Tilia speciesno. dead beesno. treesdead bees/treecitycountrydate% Bombus% Apismain speciesnotesreference
T. tomentosa4171332BonnGermany29 July 19751000B. terrestrisA. mellifera not recordedMadel [12]
T. tomentosa19372968MünsterGermany14 July 20008317B. terrestrisIllies [13]
T. tomentosa18335367EberswaldeEast Germany13 August 19877921B. terrestrisDonath [14]
T. tomentosa716980BerlinEast GermanyJuly 19886139B. lucorumDonath [14]
T. tomentosa49252CaselEast Germany08 August 19871000B. lucorumincomplete collection?Donath [14]
T. tomentosa163711637Steinfurt-BorghorstGermanyJuly 199099.50.5B. terrestrisMühlen et al. [15]
T. tomentosa170211702Steinfurt-BorghorstGermany07.July 1991??B. terrestrissame tree as aboveMühlen et al. [15]
T. tomentosa141211412Steinfurt-BorghorstGermanyJuly 1992??B. terrestrissame tree as aboveMühlen et al. [15]
T. tomentosa221012210MünsterGermanyJuly 1992??B. terrestrisMühlen et al. [15]
T. tomentosa3001300TorunPoland20038317B. terrestrisPawlikowski [16]
T. tomentosa160811608DülmenGermanyJuly 19931000?A. mellifera not recordedSurholt & Baal [17]
T. tomentosa1603??OsnabrückGermany19941000B. terrestrisA. mellifera not recordedZucchi [18]
T. tomentosa1411141GeraEast GermanyJuly 19898911B. terrestrisincomplete collectionBreinl [19]
T. tomentosa ‘Petiolaris’‘hundreds’1‘hundreds’InnsbruckAustriaJuly 1994??Bombus spp.Schedl [20]
T. tomentosa ‘Petiolaris’4031403RichmondUK05 August 2016991B. terrestrisKew GardensH. Koch 2016, personal observation
T. tomentosa ‘Petiolaris’?1?TortworthUK1908???dead bees ‘manured ground’Elwes & Henry [21]
T. tomentosa ‘Petiolaris’6601660GeraEast GermanyJuly 19896733B. terrestrisBotanical GardenBreinl [19]
T. tomentosa ‘Petiolaris’86186GeraEast GermanyJuly 19898317B. terrestrisincomplete collectionBreinl [19]
T. × euchlora247308LuckauEast Germany02 August 19877129B. hypnorumDonath [14]
T. × euchlora82117ErfurtEast Germany24 July 1988937B. lapidariusDonath [14]
T. × euchlora9831983Steinfurt-BorghorstGermanyJuly 1990973B. terrestrisMühlen et al. [15]
T. × euchlora8167012GeraEast GermanyJuly 19897228B. terrestrisincomplete collectionBreinl [19]
T. × euchlora3361336GeraEast GermanyJuly 19898911B. terrestrisincomplete collectionBreinl [19]
T. × euchlora372507GeraEast GermanyJuly 19896733B. terrestrisincomplete collectionBreinl [19]
T. cordata10110MünsterGermany22 June 20008020B. terrestrisIllies [13]
T. cordata5344134Steinfurt-BorghorstGermanyJuly 19907723?Mühlen et al. [15]
T. cordata12112TorunPoland20035050B. terrestrisPawlikowski [16]
T. cordata50 00055909WilsonvilleUSA13 June 20131000B. vosnesenskiikilled by Dinotefuran?Black & Vaughan [22]
T. platyphyllos40220MünsterGermany15 June 20007129B. terrestrisIllies [13]
T. platyphyllos78178BerlinEast Germany13 June 1988592A. melliferaDonath [14]
T. platyphyllos373493Steinfurt-BorghorstGermanyJuly 19906238?Mühlen et al. [15]
T. spp.6081026LinzAustria04 August 19784159A. melliferaincomplete collectionPfitzner [23]