Table 1.

Overview of published factorial experiments on species sensitivities to low oxygen and low pH individually and in combination. X: no effect, arrow: increase/decrease,+synergistic effects,−antagonistic effect, ± additive effect (no interaction). Traits: activity (A), growth (G), hatching success (HS), metabolism (Mb), metamorphosis (%, Mm), survival (S), time-to-hatch (TH).

taxonspecieslife stagetreatment level(s)exposure (days)traitsmain findingsreferences
CO2 (ppm) | pHNBSDO (mg l−1)CO2/pH effectDO effectCO2 × DO (overall effect, interaction)
anthozoaAnemonia alicemartinaeadults1000–1200 | 7.8–7.72.6–3.13–6S, MbS×, Mb ↑S×; Mb ↓S×; Mb ↓+Steckbauer et al. [27]
Phymactis papillosaS×, Mb ↑S×; Mb ↓S×; Mb ↓±
gastropodaConcholepas concholepasS×, Mb×S×; Mb ↓S×; Mb ↓±
Haliotis rufescensjuveniles1400 | 7.655.015S, Gn.a.S ↓; G ↓S×; G ↓+Kim et al. [28]
bivalviaArgopecten irradianslarvae1400 | 7.70–7.651–1.630–40S, G, MmS ↓, G×, Mm×S×, G ↓, Mm ↓S ↓±, G ↓±, Mm ↓−Gobler et al. [23]
Mercenaria mercenariajuveniles1700–2000 | 7.6–7.5S, GS×, G ↓S ↓; G×S ↓±; G ↓±
Macoma balthicajuveniles2700 | 7.353.029S, GS×, G×S ↑; G ↑S ↑; G ↑+Jansson et al. [29]
Mytilus edulis trossulusadultsn.a. | 7.5; 7.02.20.5A, MbA×, Mb×A×, Mb×A×±, Mb×±Jakubowska and Normant [30]
echinoideaTetrapigus nigeradults1000–1200 | 7.8–7.72.6–3.13–6S, MbS×, Mb×S×; Mb ↓S×; Mb ↓+Steckbauer et al. [27]
crustaceaPetrolisthes violaceusS×, Mb×S×; Mb ↓S×; Mb ↓−
Petrolisthes tuberculatusS ×, Mb ↓S×; Mb×S×; Mb ↓±
Allopetrolisthes angulosusS×, Mb×S×; Mb ↓S×; Mb ↓±
Pagurus edwardsiS×, Mb×S ×; Mb ×S×; Mb ↓±
piscesMenidia beryllinaeggs/larvae2100–2200 | 7.531.6–2.515G, HS, S, THG ↓, HS×, S ↓, TH×G ↓, HS ↓, S ↓, TH ↑G ↓±, HS ↓±, S ↓±, TH ↑±Depasquale et al. [22]
Menidia menidiaG×, HS×, S, TH×G ↓, HS ↓, S, TH ↑G ↓±, HS ↓±, S ↓+, TH ↑±
Cyprinodon variegatusG×, HS×, S×, TH×G ↓, HS ↓, S×, TH ↑G ↓±, HS ↓±, S×, TH ↑±