Table 2.

Mann–Whitney U results for comparisons of peak femoral strains during swimming versus walking for the thrust/stance phase of limb cycle by T. scripta. Values are mean ± s.e. Abbreviations follow table 1.

IDlocationN (swim; walk)swim (µε)walk (µε)|Z|p
TS03anterior129; 4998.2 ± 74.6188.4 ± 122.84.71<0.0001*
posterior129; 49102.9 ± 53.5185.1 ± 84.76.12<0.0001*
TS05anterior47; 27−22.7 ± 9.4
ventral47; 27−105.2 ± 39.0−42.2 ± 15.50.620.5323
posterior47; 2784.1 ± 15.4804.5 ± 37.17.12<0.0001*
pT47; 27136.1 ± 19.91099.6 ± 46.17.12<0.0001*
pC47; 27−84.4 ± 7.3−984.4 ± 41.57.12<0.0001*
φTa47; 27−3.1 ± 1.2−22.1 ± 0.47.03<0.0001*
shear47; 2753.7 ± 8.41446.4 ± 63.47.12<0.0001*
TS07anterior54; 29−101.5 ± 32.7−601.2 ± 157.83.410.0007*
ventral54; 29−49.3 ± 15.2−83.4 ± 12.71.190.2344
posterior54; 2958.5 ± 4.6231.5 ± 46.24.89<0.0001*
pT54; 2971.5 ± 3.7462.2 ± 36.97.17<0.0001*
pC54; 29−38.9 ± 2.9−286.1 ± 45.77.45<0.0001*
φTa54; 29−9.1 ± 1.9−17.6 ± 4.41.520.1277
shear54; 29−50.5 ± 4.7546.9 ± 93.06.38<0.0001*
  • aUnits for φT in degrees (°).

  • *p ≤ 0.05.