Table 1.

Average femur rotation for level condition, and average difference from level (negative values indicate increased clockwise rotation) on incline and decline conditions.

conditionlevel (degrees ± s.e.m.)difference from level (degrees ± s.e.m.)d.f. numeratord.f. denominator
+45°−45°
footfall−28.94 ± 3.56−12.12 ± 3.38a−13.58 ± 3.03a210
mid-stance−38.16 ± 2.88−10.87 ± 2.92a−10.74 ± 3.05a210
end stance−67.29 ± 1.688.49 ± 7.142.53 ± 2.35210
  • aSignificant difference from the level condition. d.f.: degrees of freedom.