Table 1.

Parameter estimates of fixed effects from the minimal adequate linear mixed models describing the influence of birth order and drought on residual size-for-age. The minimal adequate models for female residual shoulder height and foot length included only the intercept (not shown).

modelsourceestimates.e.χ2p
male shoulder heightintercept0.92693.0365
birth order (not firstborn)1.22433.4795
drought in first 2 years (present)−12.54074.3040
birth order × drought in first two years12.29774.84606.4420.011
male foot lengthintercept0.02190.5416
birth order (not firstborn)1.40340.48897.3070.007
drought in first 2 years (present)−1.00620.44244.9550.026