Table 2

Significance tests to compare declines in climatically analogous area between grid cells with at least one small-range species and other grid cells, for European plants and butterflies: Kruskal–Wallis tests; *p<0.05, ***p<0.001 (Bonferroni-corrected for eight tests). (All comparisons show a greater loss of analogous climates under 2021–2030 and 2051–2060 climate conditions for species rarity grid cells than for other cells (for all four emission scenarios (A1FI, A2, B1 and B2)).)

20252055
(a) plants
A1FI****
A2****
B1****
B2******
(b) butterflies
A1FI******
A2******
B1****
B2******