Table 1

Greenspace characteristics, psychological well-being and perceptions of species richness in urban greenspaces. See text for details of measures. Perceived species richness is the mean of the scale values of the richness categories (1–4; see footnotes). For further details and location of sites A–O, see electronic supplementary material.

sitearea (Ha)woody plant richness (s.d.)herbaceous plant richness (s.d.)butterfly species richnessbird species richnessreflection (s.d.)adistinct identity (s.d.)acontinuity with past (s.d.)aattachment (s.d.)aperceived plant richnessbperceived butterfly richnesscperceived bird richnessd
A23.7664.7 (6.4)96.6 (8.8)6124 (0.61)3.67 (0.77)3.41 (1.05)4.40 (0.44)2.611.892.82
B16.02111.4 (11.8)143.4 (9.69)14183.97 (0.79)3.94 (0.66)3.66 (0.73)4.50 (0.61)2.171.611.85
C6.94328.9 (20.6)274.2 (19.5)884.14 (0.66)4.30 (0.42)3.38 (0.83)4.71 (0.36)3.551.952.12
D2.2741.6 (6.1)67.3 (6.8)10173.29 (1.35)3.13 (1.13)3.23 (0.74)4.46 (0.78)21.82.33
E5.66102.6 (9.2)93.7 (8.4)673.93 (0.57)3.27 (1.01)3.27 (0.88)4.26 (0.66)2.371.651.95
F1.2229 (10)75.1 (8.8)543.08 (0.59)2.85 (0.81)2.50 (0.96)3.85 (0.67)1.361.091.2
G1.447.8 (5.9)39.8 (5.1)583.72 (0.73)3.44 (0.70)2.94 (0.94)4.45 (0.62)21.602.05
H15.0575.7 (8.9)159 (17.4)7223.83 (0.73)4.03 (0.57)3.40 (0.68)4.61 (0.47)2.691.822.2
I3.1278.6 (10.7)95.6 (7.6)973.7 (1.11)2.99 (0.85)3.01 (1.29)4.10 (0.87)21.531.84
J3.8119 (4.2)82.6 (9)543.46 (0.67)3.33 (0.7)3.24 (0.72)4.24 (0.54)1.81.181.67
K7.5537.9 (7.2)51 (6.8)10114.06 (0.59)4.09 (0.57)3.53 (0.96)4.62 (0.41)1.891.41.9
L12.970.8 (7.6)80.9 (9.5)9113.79 (1.01)3.37 (0.7)3.02 (0.87)4.25 (0.97)1.671.631.83
M4.0168.5 (6.7)74.7 (8)12133.67 (0.86)3.10 (0.71)3.03 (1.02)4.29 (0.56)1.851.51.67
N5.5774.9 (8.7)196.4 (13.9)11164 (0.85)3.69 (0.52)3.18 (0.84)4.43 (0.60)2.91.952.42
O4.90127.1 (10.6)98.5 (9.2)773.69 (0.69)3.36 (0.53)2.59 (0.77)4.22 (0.67)2.371.622
  • a 1–5 scale: 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree.

  • b 1–4 scale: 1=less than 10 types, 2=10–100 types, 3=100–300 types, 4=more than 300 types.

  • c 1–4 scale: 1=less than 4 types, 2=4–10 types, 3=10–20 types, 4=more than 20 different types.

  • d 1–4 scale: 1=less than 5 types, 2=5–14 types, 3=15–30 types, 4=more than 30 different types.